The Australasian Railway Association (ARA) has released a new report, Towards a National Local Content Policy, confirming a national approach to local content policies would deliver significant benefits to governments and the rail industry.

The report, compiled by NineSquared, found most state governments used local content policies requiring some content to be sourced or manufactured within their state as part of their procurement of public transport vehicles and their components.

Australasian Railway Association Chief Executive Officer Caroline Wilkie said the report confirmed establishing a national local content policy for the Australian rail industry could deliver significant benefits and increase the competitiveness of the industry.

Ms Wilkie said different procurement approaches were putting constraints on market size, resulting in price premiums that erode value and impact the competitiveness of the Australian market.

“Different local content policies between states can increase costs, inhibit investment and create inefficiencies throughout the procurement process,” Ms Wilkie said.

“A more holistic, national approach to local content policies would help rail businesses achieve economies of scale, reduce costs, improve quality and create greater competition in the market.

“This would ultimately lead to better outcomes for both industry and government, maximising the return on investment for critical rail infrastructure.

“A nationally consistent approach would also allow industry to better adapt and evolve their products and services in response to changing technology and emerging skill requirements.”

The report acknowledged that while achieving full policy harmonisation between states may be challenging, there were significant opportunities for greater consistency to be achieved by taking incremental steps toward a more national approach.

It recommended focus areas for review as part of a pathway towards harmonisation, including:

  • develop a consistent definition of local content
  • create alignment of regulatory requirements across states
  • identify opportunities to integrate state requirements
  • understand Federal Government involvement
  • review tender evaluation mechanisms
  • review auditing, and compliance requirements
  • generate greater market awareness of suppliers’ capabilities and requirements

Ms Wilkie said there had never been a more important time to adopt a national approach to local content policies given the scale of investment in major rail projects currently underway or planned.

“The report’s recommendations clearly outline the benefits of adopting a national approach to local content policy development,” Ms Wilkie said.

“Increased harmonisation within the rail industry is vitally important for increasing the competitiveness of the Australian rail supply chain, and facilitating innovation and export market opportunities.”

View the ARA’s Towards a National Local Content Policy report here.


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